REPUBLIC ACT NO. AN ACT TO INCLUDE IN THE CURRICULA OF ALL WORKS AND WRITINGS OF JOSE RIZAL, PARTICULARLY HIS NOVELS. View RA (Rizal Law).pdf from BSBA at Polytechnic University of the Philippines. REPUBLIC ACT (RIZAL LAW) BY PROF. MC DONALD. marked the passage of Republic Act No. (An Act Providing Universities), which was a law intended to promote the value of love of country such law to include the life and works not only of Dr. Jose P. Rizal but also including the.
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RA Rizal sibacgamete.gq - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Republic Act No. , popularly known as the Rizal Law, directs all public and private schools, colleges, and universities to include in . , popularly known as the Rizal Law, directs all public and private schools, into a law known as Republic Act , it had been brought to the Upper and.
The Catholic Church was indirectly included in the debates and played a major role for the intervention of signing of the bill into a law.
Oppositions argued that the bill would go against freedom of conscience and religion, The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines CBCP submitted a pastoral letter to which according, Rizal violated Canon Law which forbids or bans books that attack or ridicule the catholic doctrine and practices.
Oppositors argued that among the pages of Noli Me Tangere, only 25 passages are nationalistic while passages are anti-catholic. While upon scrutiny of thetwo novels by some members of catholic hierarchial, passages in Noli Me Tangere and 50 in El Filibusterismo are against catholic fatih.
Furthermore, oppositors pointed out that Rizal admitted that he did not only attack the friars who acted deceptively on the Filipinos but also the catholic faith itself. They suggested a reading material for students as to what they called Rizalian Anthology, a collection of Rizal's literary works that contain the patriotic philosophy excluding the two novels.
Of course, Recto and Laurel defended the bill and argued that the only objective of the bill is to keep the memory of the national hero alive in every Filipino's mind, to emanate Rizal as he peacefully fought for freedom, and not to go against religion.
Excitement and intense scnenes were eventually arisen in settling the Rizal Bill. Bacolod City Bishop Manuel Yap threatened to campaign against pro-rizal bill legislators nad to punish them in future elections. Catholic Schools Representatives threatened to close down their schools if the Rizal Bill was passed.
Recto told them that if they did, the State could nationalize the catholic schools. When there was a proposal to use the expurgated novels as textbooks and put the original copies under lock and key in the school libraries, Recto rejected this amendment and expressed: "The people who would eliminate the books of Rizal from the schools Senator Laurel' created an amendment to the original bill in which, other that Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, works written by Rizal and works wriiten by others about Rizal would be included and reading of the unexpurgated revision of the two novels would no longer be compulsory to elementary and secondary levels but would be strictly observed to college level.
Senator Lim suggested the exemption to those students who feel that reading Rizal's novels would negatively affect his or her faith. Senator Primicias created an additional amendment that promulgates the rules and regulations in getting an exemption only from reading the two novels through written statement or affidavit and not from taking the Rizal Course.
According to historian Ambeth Ocampo, no student has ever availed of this exemption. After the revised amendments, the bill was finally passed on May 17, and was signed into law as Republic Act by President Ramon Magsaysay on June 12 of the same year.
Going through the novels with a fine-tooth comb, specific passages were deemed offensive to the Catholic faith. Catholic schools put up a good fight and even threatened to close down if the Rizal bill was passed.
Claro M. Recto calmly told them to go ahead so the state could then nationalize all the schools and teach what it wanted. Recto was undaunted. Recto pushed ahead. This is not a fight against Recto but a fight against Rizal.
Now that Rizal is dead and they can no longer attempt at his life, they are attempting to blot out his memory. The Board shall promulgate rules and regulations, including those of a disciplinary nature, to carry out and enforce the regulations of this Act. The Board shall promulgate rules and regulations providing for the exemption of students, for reason of religious belief stated in a sworn written statement, from the requirement of the provision contained in the second part of the first paragraph of this section; but not from taking the course.
To date nobody has applied for this exemption. The next two sections have to do with making the novels available. Do school libraries today have enough on the shelves to serve the entire school population?
What is the intent of the law, to make copies available free for every student or merely keep enough for reference?
I doubt it. But returning to the law and knowing how it came to help us appreciate the rationale for having Rizal taught in schools today. True, Jose Rizal is studied in school, but the manner of teaching is inconsistent, the textbooks and reading materials while voluminous vary a great deal in quantity and quality.
Memos were exchanged, opinions were sought, then the issue was forgotten. One wonders about the real state of the teaching of Rizal in Philippine schools, colleges and universities today. Young people today are different from the youth half a century ago.
Can we force Generation X to read the novels when their generation is more attuned to moving pictures than hard text? Almario for those who preferred to read in Filipino the original Spanish is the best, of course, but nobody opted for it.
Others came with their high school textbooks, actually dated primers, readers and textbooks that provided chapter summaries and guide questions.
Chua, KasPil1 readings, DLSU-Manila 8 Some downloaded material from the Internet -- chapter summaries again -- while a minority studied in groups and came with such very detailed notes on every character and event in the novels that I think they missed the point.
It pained me to think that they read Rizal to pass the test rather than for pleasure, but then that is what the law requires. I did not stress the fact that there is a little-known escape clause in the law that grants exemption from the reading of the novels based on religious belief, but not from the course.
We are told that until now nobody has applied for this exemption simply because anyone who wants to avail of it will not know how to go about it. I have challenged students to make history and test the limits of the law. So far, no takers. The Board of National Education shall determine the adequacy of the number of books, depending upon the enrollment of the school, college or university.
What was the intent of the law?
To make copies available for free for every student? Or just enough for reference? Malolos, Bulacan, 20 December Folder No. Jose Rizal at sa iba pang bayaning Pilipino na pinagpasakitan ng rehimeng kolonyal ng Espanya. Isinulat ni Julius Cesar I. Trajano; Inedit ni Raymund Arthur G. Emilio Aguinaldo decrees that the 30th of December shall be a day of national mourning for Dr. Jose Rizal and other Filipino nationalists, who were persecuted by the Spanish colonial regime.
Written by Julius Cesar I.
Trajano; Edited by Raymund Arthur G. Abejo G. Alangalang sa manga daraquilang filipinong uagas magsilingap sa tinubuang bayan na si Dr. Rizal at iba pa na pinasaquitan nang lumipas ng capangyarihan castila, ay itinuturing na arao ng paglulucsa nang boong sangcapoloan ang ica30 nang Diciembre.
Icalat at ihayag ito upang mataho nang lahat.